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Passive Voice in English | Active vs Passive Voice

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Passive Voice Rules for All Tenses | Examples of Active & Passive Voice: https://7esl.com/passive-voice/

Passive Constructions and Examples of Active and Passive Voice

Present Simple Tense
Active Voice:

S + V1

Passive voice:

S + am/ is/ are + V3

Example:

I make a cake. (Active)

A cake is made by me. (Passive)

Present Continuous Tense
Active voice:

S + am/is/are + V-ing

Passive voice:

S + am/ is/ are + being + V3

Example:

They are planting some trees. (Active)

Some trees are being planted. (Passive)

Present Perfect Tense
Active voice:

S + have/ has + V3

Passive voice:

S + have/ has + been + V3

Example:

Someone has eaten my muffin. (Active)

My muffin has been eaten. (Passive)

Present Perfect Continuous
Active Voice:

S + have/ has + been + V-ing

Passive voice:

S + have/ has + been + being + V3

Example:

Lisa has not been practicing English. (Active)

English has not been being practiced by Lisa. (Passive)

Future with WILL
Active voice:

S + will/ shall + V1

Passive voice:

S + will be + V3

Example:

My parents will take us to the park. (Active)

We will be taken to the park by our parents. (Passive)

Future with BE GOING TO
Active voice:

S + am/ is/ are + going to + V1

Passive voice:

S + am/ is/ are going to be + V3

Example:

I am going to read the book. (Active)

The book is going to be read by me. (Passive)

Future Continuous with WILL
Active Voice:

S + will/ shall + be + V-ing

Passive voice:

S + will/ shall + be + being + V3

Example:

She will be taking care of her children at this time tomorrow. (Active)

Her children will be being taken care of at this time tomorrow. (Passive)

Future Continuous with BE GOING TO
Active voice:

S + am/ is/ are + going to + be + V-ing.

Passive voice:

S + am/ is/ are + going to + be + being + V3.

Example:

Linda is going to be preparing dinner. (Active)

Dinner is going to be being prepared by Linda. (Passive)

Future Perfect with WILL
Active voice:

S + will + have + V3

Passive voice:

S + will have been + V3

Example:

I will have finished my report by the end of this month. (Active)

My report will have been finished by the end of this month.. (Passive)

Future Perfect with BE GOING TO
Active voice:

S + am/ is/ are + going to + have + V3

Passive voice:

S + am/ is/ are + going to + have + been + V3

Example:

I am going to have finished my report by the end of this month. (Active)

My report is going to have been finished by the end of this month. (Passive)

Future Perfect Continuous with WILL
Active voice:

S + will + have + been + V-ing

Passive voice:

S + will + have + been + being + V3

Example:

I will have been teaching English for 5 years by next week. (Active)

English will have been being taught by me for 5 years by next week. (Passive)

Future Perfect Continuous with BE GOING TO
Active voice:

S + am/ is/ are + going to + have + been + V-ing.

Passive voice:

S + am/ is/ are + going to + have + been + being + V3.

Example:

He is going to have been watching TV. (Active)

TV is going to have been being watched by him. (Passive)

Past Simple
Active voice:

S + V2

Passive voice:

S + was/ were + V3

Example:

I visited my uncle last week. (Active)

My uncle was visited by me last week. (Passive)

Past Continuous
Active voice:

S + was/ were + V-ing

Passive voice:

S + was/ were + being + V3

Example:

Sam was delivering the letters to the department. (Active)

The letters were being delivered to the department by Sam. (Passive)

Past Perfect
Active voice:

S + had + V3

Passive voice:

S + had been + V3

Example:

He had read the book before Nick came. (Active)

The book had been read before Nick came. (Passive)

Past Perfect Continuous
Active voice:

S + had + been + V-ing

Passive voice:

S + had + been + being + V3

Example:

I had been typing the essay for 3 hours before you came yesterday. (Active)

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